Kilis is a border province located in the southwestern part of the Southeastern Anatolia Region.
Ylli, east, west and north to the south of Gaziantep is located in Syria. Gaziantep, Kilis, which is 58 km and 10 km away from the Syrian border. Kilis road through the city of Aleppo in Syria after Azez'den reaches beyond the borders of Turkey. City center is built on the foothills east to west, extending to the south Rasul Osman further down one goes down the rugged terrain is not flat is located in an area. Located in the north of the province of mountains stretching from east to west and a few small streams and rivers are dry. Generally, where land is barren slopes of the mountains and the upper parts of the arable land is located.
Especially in the southeast of the province and the border strip of vineyards and olive lengths are very advanced, and arable land. Provides livelihood to people living in rural agriculture-based.
The city limits, 38 derce 27 'and 38 degree 01' east longitude and 36 degrees 38've 37 degrees 32 'located between the surface area of Kilis is 1428 Km.
The main streams in the province; Afrin River, Sunnep Creek, Soap Creek Water, and Water Fish Tea and occurrence of these teas can be irrigated agricultural lands. 12.2% percent of Kilis forest and heath land used for agriculture ü 69.3% 10.6% 7.7% percent of meadows and pasture land, non-agricultural land consists of Si
10 June 1995 together in Kilis province of Yalova and Karabük'le olmuştur.Plaka 79, the central population of 70,700, the 643'tür altitude. Elbeyli Districts, and Musabeyli Polateli includes 3 tanedir.Ayrıca Yavuzlu name attached to the hub is a town ...
General Info: Provincial Traffic Code: 79
Area: 10521 km.
Central, towns and villages the total population: 113,824.
Upper Mesopotamia in the name of a town called Kilis Pellada Cyrrhus carries the same name and Ottoman sources are passed as a bastion of Kilis.
This reading of the word "Kiris" and "church" are similar to the word in terms of phonology. Grant Dictionier'de Cyrrhus'u "Kiris," meaning "Lord" is written as. Probably 8 century. Kiris by the Turkmen in the region, he said, and the current location of Kilis Kilis has been named.
Due to the nature of historical geography in the process of Kilis and convenient to settle many tribe (Babylonian, Hittite, Huri-Mitanni, Aramaic, Assyria, Persia, Macedonia, Rome, Byzantine, Seljuk, Mamluk / Kölemen, Ottoman) has hosted.
Up to 5 km to the southeast of the city center, the archaeological excavation of the tumulus Oylum according to the results, the area's historic Late Chalcolithic Ages (BC: 3500-3000) is based on up.
The resulting BC Hittite sources: 1460'lı years, the kingdom of Aleppo, which is connected to the local king of the Hittite period II.Hattuşaş (BC :1420-1400) with the Hittite domination of Aleppo, to sneak, king II.Suppililuma 's ( :1190-1180 BC) the Hittite empire in Syria at a time connected again.
BC: 1200 on after the fall of the Hittite Empire, before the Aramide (BC: XIII century-VI.Yüzyıl), BC: 1100 into the hands of the Assyrian king II.Tiglat-Pileser in the region, before the Persians Darius the king of the west (BC :521-485) in subsequent years, the king of Macedonia Alexander the Great (BC :336-323) within the framework of policies to spread east, remained within the borders of these civilizations.
After the death of Alexander the Great (BC: 323) approximately 227 years Seleucids / Seleucid (BC :281-64) under the reign of Kilis and region in BC: the Roman Empire in 64 Ciliza sive Urmagiganti name and address, and was.
Roman Empire in 395, is divided into two remained in the territory of Eastern Roman Byzantine and hence Aleppo Syria Theması'na connected with the Byzantine Empire
Caliph Abu Ubaida Hz.Ömer time in 636 thousand surgeon (surgeon Abu Ubeydet-ibn-il) was one of the cities in the border area by participating in the Islamic lands.
V. After a century has lost its former importance of Kilis and the region, the Christian Byzantine Empire until XI.Yüzyıla changed hands between the Muslim Arabs.
In this process, some Turkish tribes and tribes who accepted Islam (especially in Khorasan, Turkistan Oghuz origin), Abbasid control by entering the "Sügur (borders, places in the mouth of the enemy)", "Avasım (border towns)," or "End Zone" called regions, regions were inhabited.
"End of life" and the region known as the Kilis (A'zaz / Azez, Koorosh, Anazarba, Ravanda) the warrior, dizdar (castle, the border guard), der-bend the landlord (the border, the station porter), the black (person fond of worship, sheik of the dervishes), zahid (pious, devout) yerleştirildi.985 Turkish tribes such as the qualified again in the region which was dominated by the Byzantine, Crusader and Urfa was invaded by armies of Crusader XI.Yüzyılda Kontluğu'na started.
Artuqid in 1124 (1101-1231) and Ayyub (1171-1348) rule, then pass into the hands of the region Kölemenler (0.1250 to 1516 the Mamluk Empire); Anazarba, Azez, Kilis and repaired Ravanda strongholds, the present location of the center of the city of Kilis, shopping / commerce center did. This 266-year domination of the Ottoman Sultan Selim, 24 In August 1516 Mercidabik 'ta (current Yavuzlu region), defeating the Mamluk army, put an end to, and annexed to the Ottoman
Kilis, Hatay province in Southeast Anatolia region lying between the Gaziantep-Maras with the fact that the Euphrates River, is located in the southwestern part of the Plateau.
Covering an area of 1521 square kilometers, the geographical latitude of 36 ° north, is between 32 o east longitude; Oğuzelı the east, west and north Islahiye, north and northeast Şahinbey, surrounded by lands in the south of Syria
Physical Geography FEATURES
Geological region (geological and geomorphological) sense, the formation II. Has taken place lately, and III, a large area, consisting of these time periods are covered with oil basalt and doleitlerle.
Afrin Valley, west of the area's geological structure "in the orogenic Flysch Zone" of the valley with the eastern direction, "Gaziantep, Adıyaman Önçukuru Sedimentation Basin" creates.
This building on the Upper Cretaceous formations of basalt kuvarterner tertiary sediments and layers of fat consists, at the end of the Miocene faults, fault yarılmıştır systems.
Mature in terms of age structure of the region (zonal) and young (Azonal) contains features. Calcareous-clayey basaltic soils are usually red and brown kalkersiz and heavy and contain zonal feature, plain and valley soils that activated kolüvyol Azonal alüvyol and washing.
The rugged construction of the province to the north and northwest of Mount Eagle (Mount Sof), starting towards the Syrian border alçalmaktadır.Kurt Mountains, Mount Darmik, Hazal Mountain, Mount Kefiz, Kormacit Mountain, Grandfather Mountain and the Great Mountain of the province of Arab creates yükseltilerini.
The amount of water in terms of the width of the basin and the region's most important river in the Afrin River. Gaziantep Külecik northwest of the town limits of Mount Musabeyli born in this river? Kilis is expanding the base of the valley in the west of the provincial boundaries.
With a length of 70 km in the province of Kilis Afrin River, with copper-stream areas are meshed together Karadere "Black Afrin" takes its name from ini.
Soap Water (50 km), Fish Juice (45 km), Sinnep Water (30 km) are other streams of the province, on the Seve Dam, Üçpinar, Fish, the host has ponds, the pond is under construction Sapkanlı
The average annual rainfall of 515.8 mm. Rainfall is usually in the form of rain (2-3 on the year profitable) "December, January, February, March," in focus.
Annual average relative humidity of 56% (the highest in the winter, the low humidity of June), and annual mean pressure 942.0 MB
Effective in the region from the west and north winds. Cold and dry / dryer in a northeaster that have an impact, a harbinger of winter, and among the public "mihrican" name is known.
Moist and cool winds from the west winds are expected by local people.
In this atmosphere, people and events that directly affects the social life of local people "singing blurs the, Garbi dilutes; came portion of the Qibla, our job was to God." Tekerlemesini düzmüştür.
Mediterranean climate (tropical) climate in the Eastern Anatolia (terrestrial) and the region of intersection of Kilis in place of the aforementioned features of the climate zones are dominant. This structure is one of the hot-dry, and the other in the different climatic features including a cool-humid.
16.8oC provinces, the average annual temperature is. January is the coldest days of winter (average temperature 3.6oC - 6.5oC) till the summer is the warmest days of July and August (average temperature 26.8oC) months.
South Eastern Anatolia steppe vegetation area in case of a gateway between the Mediterranean vegetation geography of the Kilis area unsuitable for agriculture, meadows and pastures 16%, 12% shrubs, 6% of the forested areas of the form.
Extending over an area of about 7600 ha of forest and woods of Mount Wolf, harem Hill, Afrin River, soap water, concentrated in regions of Delicay. This is the red pine (the most common tree species in the region), oak (kermez oak, ilex oak, gall oak, oak acorn), juniper, prayer beads tree, gum tree, turpentine, akçakesme, sumac, almond, hawthorn, pear covered with tree species such as . Forest vegetation in six of the gorse, scrub formations consist of mashed potatoes and mixed.
If you need to think of endemic flora and fauna of the region in a separate geography of Gaziantep, Kilis and yöresiyle (especially the Wolf Mountain, Sof Dagi) endemic species identified are:
Hausknechtii Centaurea (cornflower), Corchicum davisii (pain crocus), Fritillaria viridiflora (inverted tulip), Hesperis aintabica (Pistachio night violet), Onosma bornmuelleri (dummy seeds), Satureja aintabensis (Pistachio Sateri), Astragalus aintabicus (Pistachio Gevende)
Kilis cuisine has its own unique dishes, a rich structure. Meals, "the daily cooked food" and "meals on special occasions, the" divided into two.
Creates the basis for the meals of meat and bulgur wheat. In addition, according to the season is done and vegetables in meals.
Kilis dishes, rich Turkish cuisine also reflects the characteristics of the properties of the Aleppo cuisine. In the foreground, greasy, spicy dishes that are versions of indispensable kitchen Kilis foods such as olive oil.
Olive oil is obtained from olives of high quality locally grown, however, indispensable in the kitchen of a food ingredient in almost every Kilislinin
Kilis is in the forefront of cuisine for the palate. Given special attention to the food delicious. The meals, meal featuring a variety of spices are used by